English Civil Registration Tools – FreeBMD, England Jurisdictions 1851, and A Vision of BritainPosted: 15 Oct 2012
This week’s post in the 50 Marriage Mondays series is another case of verifying what a relative told me some years ago.
Bride: Ivy Rose Proctor
Groom: Albert Palmer
Date: 21 October 1944
FreeBMD, which stands for Free Birth, Marriages and Deaths, provides an online searchable version of the General Register Office (GRO) Index of Civil Registration in England and Wales from 1837 to 1983. The ongoing project is run by volunteers and has now substantially completed transcription of the marriage index up to 1950.
The search page provides a number of search parameters, but for this example I entered the couple’s names and a data range from 1930 to 1950.
Strangely, my first search, where I entered the bride and groom the other way round, yielded no results. My second search gave one result.
It is always worth tweaking search terms and trying again as mistyping search terms and index errors can cause a search to fail. In this case it turns out that in the entry for Albert Palmer, the spouse’s surname was transcribed as Procter because it is not clear on the original.
The colour coding tells me that the registration quarter October-December 1944 has been fully transcribed, so this is the only possible match and is consistent with the information I already had. However, where is the Gipping registration district? Clicking on the link helpfully takes me to the information that Gipping registration district existed between 1935 -1974 and was comprised of the following parishes that were formerly part of Bosmere and Stow registration districts:
Akenham, Ashbocking, Ashfield, Badley, Barham, Barking, Battisford, Baylham, Bramford, Claydon, Coddenham, Creeting St. Mary, Crowfield, Debenham, Earl Stonham, Flowton, Framsden, Gosbeck, Great Blakenham, Great Bricett, Helmingham, Hemingstone, Henley, Little Blakenham, Little Stonham, Mickfield, Needham Market, Nettlestead, Offton, Pettaugh, Ringshall, Somersham, Stonham Aspall, Whitton, Willisham, and Winston.
Buxhall, Combs, Creeting St. Peter, Gipping, Great Finborough, Harleston, Haughley, Little Finborough, Old Newton with Dagworth, Onehouse, Shelland, Stowmarket, Stowupland, and Wetherden.
Ivy Proctor’s birthplace, Hitcham, is not in this list. How far is Hitcham from Gipping district? A map is the ideal tool to visualise relative locations.
England Jurisdictions 1851 and A Vision of Britain
Both these websites use Geographical Information Systems (GIS) technology to present maps of administrative units that existed in the past. FamilySearch’s England Jurisdictions 1851 is the more user-friendly implementation, but is limited by its focus on a particular time. A Vision of Britain is much more comprehensive and includes the history of a wide range of administrative units. As a product of a major academic project undertaken in the 1990s, the Great Britain Historical GIS, the website implementation is showing the age of its origin. The links to the boundary maps, and history of administrative units (important and useful to the genealogist) are not prominent. The boundary maps respond slowly, lack interactivity and support for pointing devices, and display only one administrative unit. Despite these limitations, it remains an invaluable tool.
From England Jurisdictions 1851 we can see that Hitcham lies in Cosford district which adjoined Bosmere and Stow. From A Vision of Britain, we can see which parts of Bosmere and Stow became Gipping district.
Knowing the administrative unit that handled the marriage registration gives us clues about where relevant records may now be held. I could simply order the marriage certificate from the GRO as a way of accessing the copy register submitted to the Registrar General. However, the two original registers are at:
- the Ipswich branch of Suffolk Record Office because Gipping district lies in East Suffolk
- the Stowmarket Registration Office